The Norton Family-142 Years in Ypsilanti

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, Spring 2006,
Spring 2006
Original Images:

By Austin, Dorothy, Cindy and Dennis Norton

The Norton family is fortunate to have diaries written by Sarah Jane Knapp Norton. The diaries, starting in 1864 and ending with Sarah's death in 1906, detail the everyday life of the times, and make possible the following brief history of the Norton family's early years in Ypsilanti. These diaries have been put on DVD disks by Sarah's great great grandson, Dennis Norton and a set has been donated to the Ypsilanti Historical Society Archives.

Toward the end of the Civil War, Austin and Sarah Jane Knapp Norton and their young son Charles got the “western fever” as it was called then, and migrated westward from Sharon Springs, New York. They arrived in Ypsilanti on March 10, 1864, to the open arms of Sarah's mother who had already moved to Ypsilanti some years before. Sarah's father, Lucius Knapp had passed away sometime prior to 1862, and Sarah's mother, Zada Jones Knapp then married Timothy Showerman a member of another long time Ypsilanti family. Timothy was the widower of Zada's sister Eunice. Also living in Ypsilanti at the time Sarah and Austin came from New York were two of Sarah's aunts, Lucinda Jones Casey, and Mary Jones Elliott. Lucinda was the wife of Sam Casey who had a large farm on Prospect near Clark Road, and Mary was the wife of Parmer Elliott. A third aunt, Eunice Jones had married Timothy Showerman and was living in Ypsilanti at the time of her death in 1862.

As was not too uncommon in those times, Zada, the widow of Lucius Knapp, and Timothy, the widower of Zada's sister Eunice, married in 1862 and were living in Ypsilanti in 1864. It is interesting to note that Nathalie Elliot Edmunds, a well known Ypsilantian, is a direct descendant of Mary Jones Elliot. So at one point in the late 1850s and early 1860s, four of the Jones sisters, Zada, Eunice, Mary and Lucinda were all living in Ypsilanti, having moved there some years before from Amsterdam, New York, just west of Albany.

After moving to Ypsilanti, Austin Norton worked as a stone and brick mason constructing cellars and chimneys. He built the foundations for many buildings which are still in existence. The diaries list the names of many well known Ypsilanti families for whom Austin built foundations and in some instances entire buildings. These include Elliott, Gilmore, Kirk, Cornwell, Dusbiber, Meanwell, Bassett, Lamb, Ellis, Lawrence and more.

With no television, no telephones, no radios and no shopping malls, the social life of the times consisted mostly of visiting friends and relatives, and entertaining them in their homes for tea and/or dinner. Many times a visit a short distance out of town would necessitate staying overnight as they evidently did not care to travel after dark. Visits in the afternoon often consisted of visiting a friend and leaving a calling card or perhaps staying for tea.

The weekly activities of the churches played an important role in their lives. The women of the family also had a very busy schedule washing clothes, ironing, baking bread, sewing garments, etc. Tending the garden was another important task, providing family with fresh fruits and vegetables as well as flowers for the parlor. It seems they made almost daily trips downtown to the grocer for a pound of butter (18 cents), to the post office, milliner, meat market and to the mill. During one snowy winter day Sarah walked downtown and saw men racing their horse drawn sleighs up and down Adams and Washington Streets. It seems as though times never change as now it is cars that race down Adams and Washington.

Austin and Sarah's second son Frank was born June 1, 1867. After Charles and Frank graduated from high school, their father taught them the art of masonry. Now father and sons could work as a team enabling them to take on jobs not only in Ypsilanti but in surrounding towns including Chelsea, Dexter and Saline. Records show they worked on the Training School at Normal, as well as the Ypsilanti Methodist and Presbyterian Churches. They built the Ypsilanti Congregational Church and finished the tower in time for a July 25, 1899 dedication. An engraved stone plaque still remains on the north side of the building, visible from Emmet Street. It reads “Norton Brothers, Builders” and also names the architect. In Chelsea, the Norton Brothers built the stone Methodist Church and the bank, both of which are still standing today. Austin was well known in the community and was elected Alderman on the Prohibition Ticket.

As noted earlier, Frank Norton's brother Charles and later Charles' three sons Harry, Don and Glen were also masons who often worked on the larger projects with Austin and Frank. A grandson of Charles, Robert Norton, who graduated from Ypsilanti High School in 1941, continued the family tradition of masonry.

Frank Norton attended the Normal School and graduated with a teaching degree in 1889. He worked with his dad through the summer of that year and applied for and obtained a teaching job in Tucson, Arizona Territory. He had a teaching contract for $80 a month and spent three winters teaching in Tucson, returning to Ypsilanti each summer. During these years Frank was courting Lena Eisenlord, a fellow graduate of the Normal who lived in Farmington. The diary notes he rode his “wheel” to visit her there. During the summer of 1891 Frank built the stone cellar for his new home on Lowell Street before returning to Tucson for his last year of teaching. He arrived back home on April 13, 1892. That summer he built a small green-house, the beginning of Norton's Flower business. He grew mostly lettuce and cucumbers that following winter, selling lettuce for 15 cents a pound and cucumbers for 4 cents each to the local grocers, sometimes as far away as Detroit. He grew a few flowers and the next year added another greenhouse to increase his production. During this time he was still working with his father Austin and brother Charles. He also began to construct his own brick home at 735 Lowell Street. He was now able to grow more flowers and he hired a young man to work and watch the greenhouse while he did stone work. The demand for Frank Norton's flowers was growing and he sold carnations for 40 cents a dozen and roses for $1.50 a dozen.

During this time more greenhouses were built and the entire family worked various jobs planting, weeding and delivering flowers and plants to the area. There were many very cold nights when they worked shifts adding fuel to the furnace to keep the crops from freezing.

Frank married his college sweetheart, Lena Eisenlord, on September 18, 1895. They lived in Frank's newly completed house at 735 Lowell Street. Lena was in the first class of women to complete a four year course of study and graduated from the Normal at the same time Frank did on June 26, 1889. She taught at Blissfield until her marriage to Frank six years later. They had four children, Austin, born July 4, 1896; Stanley, born June 6, 1898; Margaret, born July 27, 1900; and Dorothy, born November 5, 1903.

During this time more greenhouses were built and the entire family worked various jobs planting, weeding and delivering flowers and plants to the area. There were many very cold nights when they worked shifts adding fuel to the furnace to keep the crops from freezing. In September, 1896, Sarah rented two rooms to four young ladies attending Normal for $1.00 each per month. The greenhouse was prospering and growing and Frank built an office for the business. Lena and Frank's mother Sarah did most of the delivering of flowers and plants. Many of the recipients of flowers were persons whose family names are familiar to this day. Wholesale products were often sent to Detroit on the “cars” as the interurban was called in the diary.

On Saturday, June 13, 1896, a diary entry mentions going to the bicycle races at the fairgrounds. Another favorite pastime for the family and friends was picnicking by the river up near the Paper Mill, a place Frank called Riverbrink.

One day Sarah rode as far as the Baptist Church with Will Meanwell. The Baptist Church at that time was located on the southeast corner of W. Cross and Washington Streets. From there she walked over to Depot Town to pay the meat bill at Smitties; then over town waiting to have a hat trimmed at Mrs. Martin's. The hat was 62 cents; the work on the hat was 33 cents and Sarah furnished the trimmings. During another shopping trip in the spring of 1899, Sarah mentioned in the diaries that she purchased the following: bonnet, $1.48; tablecloth, $1.00; two dresses, $1.35; two aprons $1.00; gloves, 35 cents; perfume 35 cents; stockings, 34 cents; toys for the kids, 40 cents. She was an avid reader and made many visits to the Ladies Library for books and magazines. She mentions reading “Good Old Times” by E. Kellogg.

Sarah notes in the diary that on July 4 1899, the fireworks over the river caught a large oilcloth on fire and rockets and Roman candles went off in every direction. There was a mad rush to leave and many people were injured.

After a lengthy illness Austin died on December 2, 1905. The service was at the house with burial in Highland Cemetery. Eleven months later on November 5, 1906, after a short illness, Sarah died and was buried alongside her husband. With the death of Sarah went the wonderful writer of the diaries telling of our family's early activities and way of life.

The early 1900's were busy times for Frank Norton and his family. Frank was still working on occasion in the mason business with brother Charles but was spending more and more of his time in the greenhouses. In the meantime Lena had started her own business, a photo studio. An advertisement lists the following services: Expert Developing and Printing, Any size roll or pack developed for 10 cents… Prints up to 3 × 4 inches, ½ cents each… Prints up to 4 × 6, 3 cents each… Roll films for sale and cameras to rent, 10 cents a day. In later years Lena became an accomplished painter. This hobby was cut short by blindness caused by glaucoma at age 69. With sublime courage she immediately took up the study of Braille. She soon mastered the system and was able to enjoy all the current books as well as the classics of literature. With the use of a straight edge guide devised by Frank, she continued to write letters and thus carried on a gratifying correspondence with family and friends. During this period she crocheted rugs, helped with mailing at the greenhouse office and had a role in the basic work of making floral sprays and wreaths, the colors of which she was never again to see. She also started composing poetry. Since she could not use a pencil for notes, Lena retained each poem in her memory and would later dictate to someone for a permanent record. These poems were put in book form and each family member is able to enjoy her writings.

Stanley had become interested in orchids and decided to make that his hobby. He, along with son Austin and two others traveled to Mexico in 1941 to gather orchid plants. It was very successful as several bags of orchids were collected. He found others interested in orchids and with two other men founded the Michigan Orchid Society.

Frank was active in the community serving as Alderman and also as the Mayor of Ypsilanti from 1912 to 1914. He also enjoyed painting as he and Lena shared their love of the arts together. To this day, the family still enjoys many of these paintings in their homes. Frank was also skilled at taxidermy. He at one time had quite a collection of native Michigan birds along with some he had collected from hunting while in Arizona teaching school. He donated all his birds to the Science Department in Shezer Hall at the Normal College. They were still there, in glass cases on the third floor, when Sherzer Hall was all but destroyed by fire in 1989.

Frank and Lena's son, Austin, was a founding member of the local Boy Scout organization in Ypsilanti which was formed December 12, 1910. The local troop made a demonstration of various skills. A remarkable event of this demonstration was the breaking of the world and scouting record for making a fire by rubbing two sticks together. This fete was accomplished by Austin Norton in approximately eleven seconds. In recognition, he was presented a specially ornamented set of sticks by Ernest Thompson Seton, head of the American Boy Scout organization. Austin also marched with the scouts in Detroit in September, 1911, as the honor guard for President William H. Taft. He was also an accomplished mandolin player and while in high school taught mandolin at University of Michigan.

World War I came along and Frank's and Lena's second son, Stanley, enlisted in the tank corps, serving in France. He returned home in 1919 only to have his brother Austin die of tuberculosis a short time later on June 4, 1919. Stanley's little sister Dorothy, died on August 7 from the flu during the pandemic of 1919. With the loss of two of Frank and Lena's children, it was a sad time for the Norton family.

Upon returning from the war Stanley Norton worked for his dad and attended the Normal College where he met his future wife, Ellen Wallace from Bay City who was a student there. After graduating, she taught school in Capac before coming back to Ypsilanti after her marriage to Stanley on March 10, 1923. They moved into a new home at 737 Lowell Street. It was a beautiful, all stone house and was one of the last houses to be built by Frank. Stanley joined the floral business and it became Norton and Son, Florist. Stanley and Ellen welcomed the births of their two children, Austin (named after Stanley's late brother) on June 15, 1924 and Jean, on August 18, 1926. Austin began working in the greenhouses at the tender age of 9. He called himself the chief weed puller. His pay was 5 cents an hour and Stanley had to teach him the difference between a weed and a flowering plant. By the time he was 12 he had saved enough money to buy a beautiful new bike. It was a Montgomery Ward two wheeled bike with balloon tires and shiny chrome plated fenders. With this bike he was able to set up a magazine route. With the help of his mother Ellen, he enlisted the ladies hair salons selling Colliers, American Home Journal and a couple others. He won a prize for selling so many magazines. The prize was a No. 2 wood golf club called a brassie, the start of a life long love of golf.

In the early 1930's Austin and his cousin Tim Smith, son of Stanley's sister Margaret Norton Smith, worked with their great uncle, Charles Norton building a brick house on the northeast corner of Ann and St. John Streets. Austin and Tim were barely ten years old but could really pound the nails. They can now proudly look back at having worked with one of the men who helped build Ypsilanti.

Stanley's family all became involved in helping out in the greenhouses. Ellen would work in the flower shop and daughter Jean, while of high school age also helped out. Son Austin delivered flowers after school. When he was a junior in high school he took over one of his dad's winter jobs. The heat for the greenhouses was generated by burning coal. The hopper that fed the main boiler held $3/4 of a ton of coal and had to be filled every night at 11 pm, which would last until 8 am the following morning. This became Austin's job while he was in high school. The greenhouses used two rail car loads of coal every winter, and that was a lot of shoveling. Stan, as he liked to be called, was active in the community and like his father and grandfather served on the Ypsilanti City Council.

Stanley and Austin shared the job of fumigating the greenhouses for insects. It took 200 pounds of dried tobacco leaves every few months. The leaves were burned in flat round trays that were two feet across and which were hung in the greenhouses about 20 feet apart. They would begin in the farthest corner from the exit, light them as fast as they could go, and then quickly get out. All windows and doors were locked and shut tight to keep the smoke inside. One day a bunch of neighborhood kids, including Austin, tried smoking it. Boy, did they get sick! They all had a hard time telling their mothers what happened so they covered themselves by saying they had been eating green apples.

Stanley had become interested in orchids and decided to make that his hobby. He, along with son Austin and two others traveled to Mexico in 1941 to gather orchid plants. It was very successful as several bags of orchids were collected. He found others interested in orchids and with two other men founded the Michigan Orchid Society. He went on to become one of the national judges at orchid shows. The Michigan Orchid Society began by holding their first Palm Sunday Orchid Show at Norton's Greenhouses on Lowell Street in the early 1940's. This event continued for many years and became a very popular attraction, not only for local people but those from other areas.

On December 7, 1941, the U.S. declared war after the bombing by the Japanese at Pearl Harbor, which changed the lives of everyone in the family. After graduating from Ypsilanti High School in 1942 Austin enlisted in the Navy, but was allowed to attend Michigan State Normal College for one year before going into active duty. He served aboard the aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill in the Pacific. After discharge he married Dorothy Rice, his high school sweetheart. At this time he decided to go into business with his dad. He and Dorothy left for East Lansing where he enrolled at Michigan State University in the horticulture program. While there a son Dennis was born on May 25, 1947. That same year Frank Norton at age 80, the founder of Norton's Flowers, passed away. Lena Norton, due to her blindness, moved in with Stanley and Ellen who alternated with Lena's daughter Margaret Smith in caring for her. Still sharp of mind she died in 1956 at age 86.

Upon college graduation Austin, Dorothy and young son Dennis moved back to Ypsilanti into grandfather Frank's house on Lowell Street. A year later March 7, 1950 daughter Cynthia was born. After Austin returned to work in the business, Stanley had more time and became a well known figure at orchid shows throughout the country. One of the highlights of their travels was their trip to the International Orchid Convention in Bangkok where they were invited to a banquet at the royal palace.

In the 1950's it became evident that Eastern Michigan University was going to need the Lowell Street property for expansion of their campus. Norton's bought land on Washtenaw Avenue and in 1959 a store and two greenhouses were constructed and the business moved to its new location. The annual Palm Sunday orchid show continued to be a major attraction. At the age of 5 Cindy became an integral part of the family business. During the orchid shows she delighted customers and orchid lovers by greeting them as they arrived at the exhibit and offering paper and pencils to enter the prize drawing.

As young children both Dennis and Cindy have fond memories of traveling with their Dad in the big panel truck filled with geranium plants to the Eastern Market in Detroit. They left at 4 o'clock in the morning and a hot dog breakfast was the fare of the day. They grew up working in the family business. Through the years they pulled weeds, planted seedlings, learned floral design and were indispensable during holidays when the working hours were long. Austin served the community in many ways including his election to the Ypsilanti Board of Education. Austin's wife, Dorothy, having a Cleary College education in business took over the office management plus helping at the retail end when needed.

After graduating from Eastern Michigan University, Dennis entered the business. He already had much knowledge of the floral business working holidays and summers through his school years.

Through high school and after graduating from EMU Cindy entered and learned all the demands of the business: bookkeeping, sales clerk, greenhouse care, floral designer, wedding manager, gift ware buyer, managing day to day operations and becoming Vice President and partner with brother Dennis. Cindy left the business in 1991 when she relocated near New Orleans. Dennis was now sole proprietor of Norton's Flowers in as much as Austin and Dorothy had both retired.

During this time Ellen became ill and for several years Stanley lovingly cared for her. She died one day short of her 87th birthday in 1988. The family had lost a wife, a mother, grandmother and great grandmother, and a great corsage maker. Stanley missed her but continued on living a full life with family and friends. He jokingly said he was just “hanging on by a thread” but the thread was pretty strong. In 1991 at age 93 the thread broke. The greatly loved patriarch of the family was gone.

Dennis had visions of broadening the scope of the family businesses by developing the Washtenaw Avenue property, and went on with perseverance and hard work to oversee the development of Fountain Square Shops consisting of 14 additional stores. The family still owns that shopping center. During the early 80s Dennis and a friend founded the Yankee Air Museum at Willow Run which has become a great attraction for locals and tourists. Currently he is president of Michigan Aerospace Foundation, which is raising funds to rebuild the museum that was tragically destroyed by fire. Through his working years, Dennis volunteered and served on the Board of Directors for many local organizations including many Ypsilanti Chamber of Commerce Committees, the Ann Arbor Hands-On Museum Board, the Ann Arbor Chamber of Commerce Board, Ann Arbor Visitors and Convention Bureau Board, Ypsilanti Jaycees and many others.

Dennis married, and two children, Sheri and David, both worked in the business during their school years, Sheri in the office and sales and David in delivery and other jobs. Since Dennis's children had moved on to other endeavors and would not be continuing in the floral business, he retired and sold the business in 2001, leaving it in the hands of four of the former managers of Norton's, people who had been his managers for many years. So Norton's Flowers, the business Frank Norton started in 1892 continues on today in three locations, Washtenaw Avenue, Westgate Mall and Plymouth Road mall.

Over the years, the Norton's watched as what was the old Normal College and is now Eastern Michigan University grew up and eventually encompassed the old homestead. After having been located on Lowell Street for 100 years since 1867, all that remains on the original property where the greenhouses and homes were is a large walnut tree planted by Stanley in 1923 when he moved into his new stone house with his bride Ellen.

Austin and Dorothy, retired since 1987, have lived on the west side of Ypsilanti since 1965. Cindy, who presently works for Pfizer, moved back to Ypsilanti a number of years ago and also resides on the west side of Ypsilanti. She is presently on the Board of Directors of the Ypsilanti Area Chamber of Commerce.

Dennis and his wife Carol live just north of Ypsilanti, not far from the original Knapp farm on Superior Road where the first Austin Norton quarried stone for his mason business in the late 1800s. They have three children, Sheri, David and Michelle, and six grandchildren, Kaitlyn, Austin, Taylor, Spencer, Alexa and Sydney. It is fitting that David's sons, Austin age 11, and Spencer age 9, are proudly carrying on the Norton name.

Lucy Osband -- the Forgotten Lady

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, Winter 2005,
Winter 2005
Original Images:

Author: Erik J. Pedersen

By Dr. Erik J. Pedersen

While doing research for this article I was impressed and amazed with how much influence certain individuals can have on a community. Just as amazing is how quickly we can forget about these individuals and their contributions with the passing of time. William and Lucy Osband were two people who had a significant impact on the Ypsilanti community during the late 1800's. One written account, found in the Ypsilanti Historical Society Archives, referred to the Osbands as”…two citizens who influenced the life of this part of the country for half a century.”

“Her primary motivation came from the conviction that physical exercise was important to the health and welfare of the students she cared so much about.”

William and Lucy Osband were involved in many community activities. William, in particular, was a member of several civic organizations and was often elected to leadership positions in those groups. Lucy was an early member of the Ladies Literary Club and twice served as the organization's president. However, the primary reason this couple had such an influence on the Ypsilanti community was the fact that William was the editor and proprietor of The Ypsilantian, the local paper. Archival resources referred to The Ypsilantian as a paper of “high literary quality and that the articles reflected a wide range of interests” (Ypsilanti Archives). Another source indicated that it was “outspoken and fearless.” The Ypsilantian was considered as lively reading, and people of the community regarded it as their own.

Lucy Osband wrote most of the editorials. She also wrote a column called “Ypsi Dixits.” Lucy had a keen sense of humor and the “Ypsi Dixits” gave her an opportunity to express her insight and knowledge on a variety of topics. (Ypsilanti Archives) To reflect on all of the accomplishments and contributions this couple gave to the City of Ypsilanti would require more space than could be provided in this article. Since my initial interest in doing this research was centered on Lucy Osband, this article will focus on her career as a professor at the Michigan State Normal School and the influence she had in starting the Physical Education Department.


Wilber Bowen, Lloyd Olds, Fanny Cheever Burton, Ruth Boughner, and Augusta Harris are names from the past that are frequently mentioned when referring to the history of the Physical Education Department at Eastern Michigan University. All of these persons were important and all deserve recognition. However, one name that frequently appears in archival records has received virtually no recognition. This person arrived on the Michigan State Normal College Campus in the 1880's and promoted “Physical Culture” before anyone else. Without her influence, Wilber Bowen would very likely have remained in the Normal College Math Department, the Physical Education facility completed in 1894 would never have been built, and the Physical Culture Department established in 1894 would never have been realized.

Why haven't the contributions of such an influential and dynamic individual been recognized? Why has the name of Lucy Aldrich Osband all but remained anonymous whenever the history of Physical Education at the Michigan State Normal School been discussed? The purpose of this article is to recognize this “Forgotten Lady” and highlight her role in the establishment of one of the nation's first Physical Education preparation programs.

Lucy Osband.

Lucy Aldrich was born in a log farmhouse in Arcadia, New York. She came from a strong Quaker and Puritan family background. Very early in her childhood. Throughout her life she was weak and frail. Several times during her teaching career, she needed to take long leaves of absence to recover from the stress related to her teaching responsibilities. Because of ill-health, Lucy was not always able to attend school. Consequently, her parents, who were both teachers, supervised most of her education at home. They insisted on good study habits and expected Lucy to recite every lesson perfectly. Lucy later attributed her conviction for thorough and accurate work to her parents.

Despite poor health and a home education, Lucy Aldrich became an outstanding teacher and scholar. During her teaching career, she taught courses in calculus, analytical geometry, literature, modern language, botany, physiology, and “Swedish Drill.” Her college studies and professional background were primarily in the natural sciences. Botany was her major area of interest. She eventually became head of the Natural Science Department at Michigan State Normal College. It is unusual and remarkable that someone with such serious health problems and extensive academic background would support and promote physical activity.

At the age of sixteen, Lucy Aldrich entered the Newark Union School. She was the only girl in a class of thirteen. Because Lucy was a girl, there was no guarantee that employment would be available upon graduation. However, the quality of her academic efforts was recognized and at the age of nineteen she was able to obtain a teaching position at Phelps High School in New York. Within a year she was appointed Preceptress of Walworth Academy. Miss Aldrich remained in this position for two years. Soon the efforts of teaching once again affected her health. She needed a better climate to ease her lung problems. In a letter to Fredrich B. McKay, a member of the Eastern Michigan College Faculty, Lucy Osband's daughter indicated that her mother suffered from “incipient T.B.” at that time in her life. (M. Osband 1944).

Lucy Aldrich became principal of the Sylavan Villa Seminary, a young ladies school in Standardsville, Virginia. Judging from several historical accounts, it was during this period of her life that Lucy Aldrich was introduced to outdoor activities and the benefits of physical exercise. One account indicated that”…Here she learned the lessons taught by the foothills of the Blue Ridge, and often joined parties of excursionists to the natural places of the state. Altogether it was an out-of-door life for the mind as well as the body.” (Aurora, 1894, p26).

After two years in Virginia, Lucy Aldrich returned to New York and entered Genesee College in Lima, New York. Genesee was only the second college in the country which did not discriminate against women in its admission requirements. Lucy did so well in her studies that she earned the distinction of being class valedictorian. In the same graduating class was William M. Osband whom Lucy married two months after graduation.

The Move to Michigan

After graduation and their marriage, William and Lucy Osband taught at the Gouverneuer Wesleyan Seminary in New York. In 1864 and 1865, they both accepted positions at Albert University in Belleville, Ontario, Canada. They arrived in Michigan when William became the principal of Northville Union School. After three years, they purchased a home in Ypsilanti. The birth of their only child, Marna and homemaking duties kept Lucy temporarily out of the classroom. However, when William accepted a position at Oliver College, Lucy was coerced into teaching Greek. Within one year, Albion College offered both William and Lucy department head positions. He took over the Natural Science Department and she became head of the Modern Language Department. Lucy also served as the university Preceptress. After six years at Albion, William and Lucy returned to their home in Ypsilanti.

Women's Physiology Class in the Old Main Building — 1880s.

Lucy Osband's interest in the natural sciences increased when she taught in Virginia. Her travels in the south and east familiarized her with the plants from those regions. Marine Life also fascinated her. With these interests and background, she became an instructor in the Natural Science Department at Michigan State Normal College in 1883. When a chairmanship in that department was established in 1884, she was hired to fill it. The accomplishments of Lucy Osband in the Natural Sciences are too numerous to describe in this article. Attention will focus instead on an area for which she also accomplished a great deal and received very little recognition — Physical Education.

Lucy's Interest in Physical Culture

Immediately upon arriving at the Normal School, Lucy Osband started teaching classes in “Swedish Work.” These classes were taught in addition to her responsibilities in the Natural Science Department. She received no extra pay for teaching “Swedish Work,” only the satisfaction of knowing that exercise was contributing to the health and welfare of the students. Lucy would take her physiology classes into the University Chapel, stand students in the aisles, and lead them in “Swedish Routine Movements” with dumbbells and Indian Clubs. (M. Osband 1944). Eventually she was give a basement room in the Old Main building, where her program included military marching, wands, pulley weights, and “Swedish Apparatus.” The former campus gymnasium had burned down in 1873 so there wasn't an appropriate place to hold Physical Culture classes. Lucy Osband would eventually change that.

The two photographs shown were probably taken from the new Physiology and Hygiene Course developed by Lucy Osband in 1886–1887. The new course included “practical work” in the application of the physiological laws of gymnastics. These sessions were held on a weekly basis in the basement of the Old Main Building.

1894 — Gymnasium.

Lucy Osband persuaded many others to join her physical culture classes. Normal School instructors from other disciplines were “fair game.” Two of her recruits, Wilber Bowen and Carolyn Crawford, made significant contributions to the field of Physical Education. Wilber Bowen was an instructor in the Normal College Math Department. Lucy convinced him that physical education was a growing discipline and that he should consider pursuing a career in that area. He agreed! While teaching math, he studied physiology at the University of Michigan. He also began teaching physical culture classes at the Normal School in 1888. Bowen eventually became the first Physical Culture Department Chairman. Bowen wrote eleven books and published many research articles. He was recognized as a leader in the field for over forty years and is referred to as the “Father of Physical Education in the State of Michigan.”

Lucy Osband's daughter Marna, recalls”…at the Normal School, besides building up the Natural Science Department, her mother established out of her physiology classes, the Department of Physical Education.” (M. Osband 1944). Lloyd Olds, in an article titled “A Brief History of the Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Athletic Department” noted that Lucy Osband “arranged for additional classes on the theory and practice of Physical Culture.” (Olds N-D). This course was first offered at the Normal School in 1888 and was one of the first teacher training courses in Physical Culture at any college or university in the country.

The New Gymnasium

One achievement for which Lucy Osband received some recognition was the construction of a new physical education facility which was completed in 1894. “How a Wily Woman Got a Gym for E.M.U.” is how Ralph Chapman described Lucy Osband's approach for obtaining funds to build a new physical education facility. (Chapman 1977). Lucy's approach provides an interesting and insightful story.

The Normal College had been without a “Physical Culture” facility since the first gymnasium was destroyed by fire in 1873. Due to the lack of a Physical Education facility, Wilber Bowen left the Normal College in 1891 to teach at the University of Nebraska. Lucy Osband convinced Professor Sill, Normal School Principal, that a new gymnasium was necessary. However, convincing the State Board of Education was another matter. The State Board, in the early 1890's, did not think favorably about “Physical Culture.” The timing and approach for requesting funds had to be just right!

The opportunity for a formal appeal presented itself during a visit to the Normal College by the State Board of Education. Professor Sill appointed two professors to speak on behalf of the building. “Mrs. Osband knew enough about legislators to know that speeches would have no effect. So she prepared a dozen exceptionally skilled girls to put on a sample of what the actual class work was.” (M. Osband 1994). However, Professor Sill refused to allow the girls to perform. He did not like anything unusual and felt too much confusion would result in clearing the stage. Another Normal School professor trained some boys to clear the stage in just two minutes. Principal Sill still refused. “Then for one of the few times in her life, Mrs. Osband resorted to a ‘woman's weapon,’ she cried. Sill relented.” (M. Osband 1944).

As was expected, the speeches proved to be ineffective. Members of the state legislature told how they got exercise by cutting wood. “The affair fell flat until a dozen pretty girls, graded as to height, came on stage. At their superb military marching, the legislators pricked up their ears and showed interest. The Indian club drill had them stirred and the dumbbell drill made them enthusiastic. “Later Principal Sill and the State Board president came to Mrs. Osband and “told her that her girls had almost surely won the building.” (M. Osband 1944). They were right-$20,000 was appropriated by the state legislature, and the citizens of Ypsilanti donated a building site on West Cross Street. The new gymnasium was dedicated on May 18, 1894. It served the university for 71 years until the Joseph E. Warner Gymnasium was completed in 1965.

Once funds for the building had been obtained, plans for the building needed to be developed. Lucy Osband contacted Dr. Dudley Sargent at Harvard University and Dr. Luther Gulick at Springfield College. They provided many ideas for the building. Gulick even sent detailed plans of the building he designed for Springfield College. Lucy Osband indicated that many of Gulick's suggestions”…were used in the planning of our building.” (M. Osband 1944).

It was still to be decided who would head the new Department of Physical Culture. Lucy Osband recommended to Professor Sill that Wilber Bowen be appointed to lead the new department. She also recommended that Carolyn Crawford, who studied under Luther Gulick, be his assistant and direct the Women's Program. Bowen was recruited back from Nebraska. However, Fanny Cheever Burton was hired to head the Women's Program.


From every account and description Lucy Osband was an outstanding teacher. Consequently, it would be appropriate in closing to share with you a portion of Lucy Osband's philosophy on preparing teachers. This passage is taken from a presentation she made at a Michigan State Teachers Conference on December 27, 1877. The title of her address was “The Relation of our Teachers to the Moral and Religious Culture of the Future.” The essence of this message is just as appropriate today as it was over 100 years ago.

1894 — Inside Gymnasium.

“History is a record of struggle, but the moral sense of mankind discriminates between those who strive for their own salvation and those who labor for the welfare of others. From the outset then, we shall consider the teachers words not so much with reference to the present as to the future; not as an end, but as a means to the end. The need of the times is not for qualified instructors only; we want men and women of honest purpose, of strong moral fiber, and unyielding principles, of cultured brain and ardent soul.”

Lucy Osband was Chairman of the Physical Science Department from 1884 until her retirement in 1895. This was her primary responsibility and she made many significant contributions to that department and the field of botany. However, she also taught classes in “Swedish Work,” trained and recruited teachers in “Physical Culture,” developed professional courses, obtained funds for a new gymnasium, and helped recruit faculty to head a new department. She did it all without extra pay, released time or recognition. Her primary motivation came from the conviction that physical exercise was important to the health and welfare of the students she cared so much about. She was truly an amazing woman!

Despite having physical problems most of her life, Lucy Osband lived to be 76 years old. She was a strong advocate of physical exercise and the benefits she obtained from being physically active probably added years and quality to her life. Selected passages from her memorial reflect her struggles with poor health and the impressions she made in spite of those problems:

• “Hampered by frail health, she was a wonderful example of the triumph of intellect and spirit over physical conditions.”

• “The range of her knowledge was marvelous, and her memory was equally so. She never seemed to anyone to be old, she was so alive to all progress in every line of endeavor and her spirit was so young.”

One of the purest, loveliest of souls refined by years of worry and pain and in life a source of inspiration and helpful living to thousands of men and women in all parts of the world.” (The Ypsilantian, p.9)

The Department of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance at Eastern Michigan University celebrated its 100-year anniversary in 1994. Much of what was celebrated would never have been realized without the efforts of a “Forgotten Lady,”-a lady whose efforts no longer remain anonymous.


Chapman, R., How A Willy Women Got A Gym for EMU, Ypsilanti, Michigan, Information Services, 1977

IsBell, E.R., A History of Eastern Michigan University 1849–1965. Ypsilanti, Eastern Michigan University Press, 1971.

Johnson, J., A History of the Professional Training Curriculum in Physical Education for Men at Michigan State Normal College, Ypsilanti, Michigan, Masters Thesis, Eastern Michigan University (University Archives) 1952.

Kent, C., Wilber Who? MAHPERD Journal, Fall 1982.

Michigan State Normal College Yearbook (1895–96), Ann Arbor, Michigan, The Courier Printing House, 1896.

Olds, L., A Brief History of the Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Athletics Department, Unpublished paper, m.d. Ypsilanti, Eastern Michigan University (University Archives)

Osband, M., The Beginning of Physical Training in the Michigan State Normal College, Letter to Fredrich McKay, September 14, 1944. Ypsilanti, Eastern Michigan University (University Archives)

Norton, A., Luch A. Osband, M.A., Ypsilanti, Michigan, AURORA 1894, pp. 25–29.

Putnam, D., History of the Normal College 1849–1890, Ypsilanti, Michigan, The Scharf Tag, and Box Co., 1899.

The Normal News, Mrs. Lucy A. Osband, Biographical Dates, (V.12: No. 17, May 12, 1893, Ypsilanti, Michigan, pp. 266–267) Eastern Michigan University (University Archives)

Ypsilanti Historical Society Archives, Marna Osband File, Ypsilanti, Michigan.

Dutch Town Ypsilanti Michigan, USA

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, Summer 2004,
Summer 2004
Original Images:

Author: Doreen Binder

My family has fond memories of growing up in the “Dutch Town” area of Ypsilanti during the 1930s and 1940s. The neighborhood borders River Street to the west, Babbitt to the north, Grove on the east, and South Street to the south with Michigan Avenue cutting right through the middle. Other streets included Parsons, Lincoln, and Park. Dutch Town is now included in an area called South Depot Town.

Woodruff School, at the corner of Michigan and Park, was a local landmark. Floyd Smith was the well loved principal who cared for his students as family. Floyd was an effective role model for the boys in the school. Louella Parsons, Esther Fletcher, Jane Holzhauer, and Amy Hopkins Thomas were some of the wonderful teachers. Derwood Hagen, the Poling girls, and Bob Russell were some of the alumni. Derwood now serves as an election worker at the Adams School poll.

Businesses on the north side of Michigan Avenue going east from River Street started with Ken Brokaws gas station on the corner now occupied by Al Robinson's fish restaurant. Ken later opened Ken's Bar in Depot Town. Continuing east, Dolph Thorne's Tire and Appliance store was on the site of Lucas Restaurant, followed by the A & P store on the northeast corner of Grove and Michigan. Marsh plating is now located on that corner.

On the south side of Michigan, early businesses included Otis Tooze's Barber Shop, Herzberg's Processing (we called it a junk yard, modern jargon would call it a recycling center), Steffes Gas Station, Russell's Bakery, and C.F. Smith's Grocery on the southeast corner of Park and Michigan. Parkview Pharmacy occupied what is now the party store on the south side of Michigan Avenue. My dad, George Binder, partnered with Bernard Mcllhargie and bought the pharmacy. The pharmacy was locally called Mcllhargie & Binder Drugs where I spent many hours serving sodas and helping dad. Later, John Kealy's Bakery replaced Russell's Bakery. John's glazed donuts were memorable. Additional businesses included Al Holzhauer's Print Shop, Max Bitker's Dry Goods, and Emil Batchelor's Meat Market where neighbors bought fresh meat daily. What is now the Bomber Restaurant was started by the Baldwin family and was known as Mrs. Baldwin's Restaurant. During World War II, the family changed the name to the Bomber. The house that stood to the east of present day Al's Barber Shop was Clarence Tyrell's Plumbing Shop. Clarence taught his customers how to do repairs and he had every plumbing part a customer could ever need that only he could find. Clarence even made labor free house calls for his Dutch Town neighbors. This plumbing shop building recently burned and was demolished as a consequence of the fire. Carrie Chadwick's Piano store occupied the southeast corner of Grove and Michigan where the Mida's Muffler is now located.

In 1935, a State Police Post was erected on the southwest corner of Michigan and Park. The first commander was Frank Walker. The good looking troopers brought a new look to the area. The building recently was a rug market and will be demolished as part of the Water Street development. Gilbert Park, on the south side of Michigan Avenue and between Park Street and the railroad track, was the center of summer activities for the neighborhood kids. There were band concerts in the summer as well as supervised playground activities.

Summer ended with a “friendly” tournament with kids from all the city supervised playgrounds competing. Gilbert Park was sold by the City of Ypsilanti for an Arlans Department Store development in the 1960s. The park will be remembered as Gilbert Square when the Water Street project is completed.

Dutch Town families included the Thumns, Beggers, Harners (Ev, Harp, & Win), Horns, Hipps, Reddaways, Hinschs, Croghans, Parkers, Thibodeaux, Mayos, Malcolms, Hines, Tuckers, and others. With his automotive dream, Preston Tucker became the most famous Dutch Town resident. In an earlier issue of the Gleanings, Bob Mayo told his fond memories of delivering newspapers around Dutch Town. Carl Hipp grew up on Michigan Avenue between Park and Grove and was always eager to share his stories of the area. Carl moved up near North Congress and Wallace and recently died in his late nineties.

Within the small town of Ypsilanti, Dutch Town was a distinct community. The local businesses provided all of the needs and services a family could want. The families gave me warm memories of my childhood. As is the same story everywhere, the small businesses lost out to supermarkets and large chain stores. With the loss of businesses, Dutch Town lost its identity and is only remembered by us old timers.

Photo Caption: Doreen Binder in front of the drugstore
Photo Caption: Gas Station
Photo Caption: Woodruff School, Ypsilanti, Mich.
Photo Caption: Gilbert Park, Ypsilanti, Mich.

The Remarkable McAndrews

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, Summer 2004,
Summer 2004
Original Images:

Author: William McAndrew

(Edited reprint of the story “The McAndrews” written by their son William and published as a memorial for Dr. Helen McAndrew by the Ypsilanti Business and Professional Women's Club in 1931.)


O'Henry once told an interviewer that you can change type name of any place in any good story to any other place and have the narrative just as true, which means that Ypsilanti is just as full of romance, heroism, surprise and wonder as any other settlement of its size. Ypsilanti has just as many heartbreaks, just as many smiles, just as many honest men, and just as many noble women. This is the story of two Ypsilantians.

Helen Walker, daughter of Thomas and Margaret Boyd Walker, was born February 6, 1826, at Kirkintillock, Scotland. William McAndrew was born November 28, 1824, in Perth.

In the shifting time of 1849, William, a young Scottish cabinetmaker, moved from Perth to Glasgow. There, at the frequent gatherings of a little church, he met a girl who had come up from Paisley to work in a bookbinding shop. After the usual time that elapses before Scottish people reach an important decision, the minister announced that William McAndrew and Helen Walker were to be married and go to America on their honeymoon. In due time, they added up their shillings. William packed his tool chest and Helen packed the Burns, Bunyan, Shakespeare and big Bible she had bound for herself.

Fergus Ferguson married them, and they climbed into the steerage of a sailing vessel that gave them a wedding trip of eleven weeks from the Clyde to Sandy Hook, New York. At Sandy Hook, a genial stranger with a fine Scottish burr in his voice welcomed the young couple to the land of the free and offered to show William a lodging house. Generously shouldering the new arrival's chest of tools, he disappeared in the crowd and the immigrants never saw him nor his burden more. Another Scot convinced them that New York was a squeezed orange. It was on an island, couldn't grow any more. Perth Amboy, at the head of Raritan Bay across from Staten Island, was on the mainland, much nearer the ocean and had a railway, the first one in America. Perth Amboy would be the metropolis of the United States. So, ho for the Raritan and the big city to be.

But one must eat. While Perth Amboyans are sitting on their corner lots waiting for the ships of the world to sail into their harbor, certain Cornelius Vanderbilts, William B. Astors, Peter Coopers and A.T. Stewarts, not knowing the great destiny of Perth Amboy, are doing business at the old stand in New York and getting all the trade. Grass is growing in the streets of Perth Amboy. The McAndrews must try elsewhere. Baltimore looks promising. But here they get themselves into trouble teaching Negroes to read. The neighbors don't like it. It is not respectable. Friends fall away. Better try some other place.

Out of Baltimore every morning a long white packet boat is towed by a steamer up the Chesapeake Bay and gets itself somehow or other into the wonderful West. As soon as the passage money is saved, the two McAndrew adventurers are aboard. At Havre-de-Grace, their smoky tugboat turns them over to a trio of mules driven tandem; the leader has a loop of bells springing over his collar. The lock-gates are opened and in goes our long white boat into a stone box. We float up on foaming, gurgling masses of water, until the upper gates are opened; the mule-boy shouts, the bells tinkle, the rope stiffens, and away we go through the long curves of the canal with blue hills on both sides. They take the Susquehanna all the way to Harrisburg. Then our watery road winds among the mountainous hills along the blue Juniata. Day after day we sit upon the yellow deck and watch the landscape unfold a great book, each page showing a new and charming picture; farms, factories, bridges, villages, cascades galloping down the mountains, charcoal-kilns reddening the cliffs at night, until at last mere are no more streams that may be tapped to float a boat.

We are at the very heart of the Alleghenies. But wonders have not yet ceased. A huge cradle rides down the mountain on an iron track and dangling on the end of a rope. It slides under the canal-boat. Ropes are made fast to the upright stakes protruding from the water. A man waves his arms toward an engine house up the mountain. Out of her element crawls our great boat with all its company, and like that tropic fish that climbs up trees, the packet ascends the mountain. This is Portage, then counted one of the wonders of the world, now an inconspicuous station four miles south of the Horseshoe Bend on the Pennsylvania railroad. Over the summit the boat advances and then, head foremost, down the western slope. There is a reservoir made by a dam of earth across a valley and holding water for the upper reaches of this canal in time of drought. It is a pretty lake. The passengers admire it. Yet forty years later, long after this canal had gone to ruin, this lovely mountain pool, neglected, was to break bounds and visit Johnstown with death and terror.

Into Pittsburgh, down the Ohio, then by another canal to Cleveland and so by side-wheel steamer to Detroit the travelers came. They heard of another promising settlement, destined to surpass the city of Straits. Its name was Rawsonville. It had a piano factory, woolen mills, flour mills, stores, and hotels. The river boats from Detroit, long, narrow, flat-bottomed scows with a slim walk each side down which the poleman alternately glides, slowly pushing the vessel up the Huron River, brought merchandise up and carried back the products of the region. Here William MacAndrew settled and plied his trade, constructing piano and melodeon cases from the native walnut and cherry of the valley.

Last move of all, in 1850, they came farther up the Huron River to the first station on the post-road west of Detroit, where the coaches rolled up in the evening in front of the long white Hawkins house for hot supper and a night's lodging.

To the life of Ypsilanti for half a century, the two McAndrews contributed according to their dispositions. William had acquired a religion of peculiar cast. It magnified the mysticism of Daniel the Prophet, stressed the wheels within wheels, the flying scrolls, and the prophecies of an early coming of the Lord. Not finding satisfaction in existing churches, the cabinetmaker turned carpenter and built one on the level ground northeast of town. Here he was preacher, choir and sexton; his congregation, two families besides his own. Convinced of an early dissolution of the world he saw no need of laying up treasures on earth. What he earned he turned over to a religious society appearing to him nearest in sympathy with his own belief. Ambition, worldly success, the opportunities of a growing state he sets himself steadfastly against; yet rises before the sun and works his fourteen daily hours in summer, twelve in winter, year in and year out, setting forward from time to time, the day when the heavens shall be rolled together like a scroll and the land shall be soaked with blood and the first heaven and the first earth shall pass away.

But the little wife saw different visions. She inhaled the spirit of this new land. There was employment for everybody. She found she had a talent for nursing. She could hire her own housework done and have money over from what she earned.

The McAndrews' first home was at 16 South Huron street, where their son Thomas was born June 24, 1852. Influenced by his father's example, Thomas has been identified with the furniture business during his whole business career. On January 11, 1878, he married Alice Rowley, who had filled the place of a daughter in the McAndrew household since her early girlhood.

Helen thought, why not become a physician? There was no school of medicine west of New York that would admit a woman. A colored mammy is secured as housekeeper. Helping the cook on the steamer and Erie canal boat, the pioneer woman reaches the metropolis of New York and argues the college into taking her in. She works at her bookbinding trade for her board.

Mrs. McAndrew graduated from Trall Institute, New York City, October 25, 1855. In time she grasps the coveted diploma and with a few medical books returns to the growing town, as a doctor. It isn't nice; it isn't respectable. The men physicians turn up their noses. The town doesn't think it likes this sort of thing. Only Negroes and poor whites come into her office.

Then comes the turn. The big man of the town has had a long siege of illness in his home. The gentle lady of the household doesn't get any better. He has the highbrows from Ann Arbor come and hold learned consultations by the quiet sufferers bedside. The judgment is unfavourable. The big man walks sadly in the garden. The gardener comes to home and says, “Samuel, ye might try the little Scotch woman; she pulled my Jenny through just fine.” The big man chances it. The little woman is called. She opens all the windows. She empties the bottles of bitter drugs into the drain. She cooks plain and tasty dishes. She moves the bed so as to permit a view down the green lawn and the shady street. She keeps repeating, “How much brighter you look, little lady! If you keep on like this you'll be lifting full flour barrels soon.” The sick lady at length got up and lived for many years thereafter. And the big man of the town, Samuel Post, flouted the traditions and prejudices of those who had belittled the woman doctor. “She knows what she's about,” he said. “She's a very superior woman. There's no nonsense about her, she knows the laws of health and she works along with them.” He sang her praises to the Uhls, the Folletts, the Kings and the Lays. She was great in confinement cases. Whatever men and women born in Ypsilanti are now between forty-five and sixty-five, the chances are more than even that Helen McAndrew first held them in her hands and gave them their first baths.

She was a water enthusiast. She built a water cure on Huron street and swimming bath in the river. She put in vapor baths, shower baths, mineral baths, sitz baths and preached a new gospel of scrubbing the mind clean of all meanness, selfishness, greed, conceit, intolerance, and sin. It was called outside and inside washing.

The McAndrew couple were forever in the salvage movements of the day. First it was the abolition of Negro slavery. William McAndrew helped hide the runaway Negroes in barns and drove them in wagons at night, covered with loose hay, to the outskirts of Trenton, where rowboats ferried them to Canada.

Next the McAndrews entered heart and soul into the war on the liquor saloon. They ran an afternoon temperance Sunday school in a barn on the flats, not far from the present pumping station of the city water works. They had the best part of the membership of the Normal school working in the barn and in Hewitt hall, where dramatic representations*Their son, William McAndrew, born August 20, 1863, was the producer of the dramatic representations. After graduation from the Ypsilanti High School, the Normal and the University of Michigan, Mr. McAndrew began his career as an educator, and has won distinction as a strong and militant leader, exhibiting the initiative and fearlessness which had characterized his pioneer parents. He spent thirty years in New York, first teaching at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, and then becoming principal of the Washington Irving High School. During this period his marriage to Miss. Susan Guerney occurred. He left New York to assume the superintendency of the Chicago schools. Upon leaving Chicago, Doctor McAndrew spent two years in Europe. He now lives at Silvermine Hill, Norwalk Connecticut, and is engaged in editing “The Educational Review.” every fortnight gave entertainment and hammered home the lessons. They organized a juvenile temperance society, the Band of Hope,**In 1829 John Dunlop, Scottish justice of the peace, formed the first temperance society in Greenock, Scotland. By 1847 the need of starting the work with children was apparent, and the Band of Hope was formed. Helen Walker was then twenty-one years old and worked in the Band of Hope in Glasgow. Starting a Band of Hope in Ypsilanti about 1870, she kept it running for a decade or two. Ypsilanti men and women cherish memories of the Band of Hope and the earnest and inspired figure of the woman who dominated the weekly meetings held with absolute regularity every Wednesday afternoon. and held the children together by means of picnics, festivals and shows.

Into the woman suffrage movement both William and Helen went. Susan B. Anthony, Frances Willard, Mary Livermore and Lillie Devereux Blake came by their invitation to lecture and stopped at their home. Her experiences led her to work vigorously for the admission of women to the University of Michigan.

Into the Salvation Army they went when that elaboration of Christianity reached town. They marched the streets in their old age with the same grim determination to back up some despised reform that they had shown for abolition when it wasn't respectable, for women doctors when they were despised, for temperance when it was unpopular, for woman suffrage when it was ridiculous.

Indeed they charged themselves to obey some call of some power greater than themselves to lift up the down trodden, to heal the sick, to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and freedom to those that are bound.

Withal they were quite a pair. No one ever knew of their either pushing for high place or for notice. William McAndrew always wrote “I” as a small letter and when he was told that it was incorrect replied, “It is not incorrect for me.” Both spoke in public when called upon, but you never heard them talk of themselves. Their addresses were full of anecdote, short, and to the point. They were constant readers throughout their lives, devouring history, travel, religious periodicals, current magazines and newspapers. William McAndrew, when going to fairs or expositions, wore an odd dressing-gown because the pockets generously held all the circulars given away by exhibitors and enabled him at home to extend for many evenings the pleasure of the show. Helen McAndrew held that mental exercise was as essential for the health of the intelligence as bodily exertion is needful for the physical tone. She used to carry herself for exercise. William McAndrew was fond of old tunes, but as no one else seemed to enjoy them he would retire to his room and sing several pages through at a sitting. If visitors would say, “What is that funny noise?” Mrs. McAndrew would answer, “Oh, that is William giving himself a concert.” He had the habit of work so ingrained that once when he visited a former employee at Portage Lake, doing nothing for three hours so bored him that he said he guessed it was time to go home. His host couldn't take him to Dexter to catch a train until the next noon. In the morning McAndrew walked over to a neighbor's new barn. Help was needed to finish it. He borrowed a suit of overalls, worked morning, afternoon and evening for two weeks, took his pay, paid his board at his host's, came home, and ever afterward revived memories of the best visit he ever had.

Both had singular courage. None of their acquaintances recall ever seeing either of them exhibit any trace of fear or nervousness on any occasion. She responded to calls, as a doctor, at all hours of the night, driving alone sometimes twenty miles. She led committees of women to town officials and laid down the law like a political boss, and yet she was a quiet, modest woman, with a genius for friendship, loving nothing so much as a chat and cup of tea before the fire.

Both loved Ypsilanti and its people as nothing else in the world. They were especially fond of the approach from the East up to the edge of the slope, from which one looks over the trees and the roofs of the houses and gleam of the river to the western rim of the valley and the great school on the hilltop, a lighthouse for all Michigan and beyond.

William McAndrew passed away October 22, 1895. His wife survived him eleven years, her death occurring October 26, 1906.

Photo Caption: The water-cure made necessary a three-story addition to their home at 105 South Huron street. This octagon house speaks eloquently of the energy and persistence of Mr. McAndrew, for he built it almost entirely himself in 1853 and 1854.

William Lambie Diary, 1893

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, August 1989,
August 1989
Original Images:

1. Driving snow storm all day. About all I could do to get in water and take care of the horse and hens.
2. Not very well in the night. It seems to be healthier shoveling snow and sawing wood than lying in bed.
6. Anna and Mary at Azros for Mrs. Fletchers Birthday. Mrs. Loveridg and Mrs. Camp called and then Brother Robert and daughter called.
9. Frank paid Wife and I Interest and cleaned the old clock.
10. Eight below zero and awful cold blasts. Brave Belle walked thru the drifts to get Frank to help Will with his Milk Wagon. Too cold to saw wood.
13. Frank brot load of broken rails. Robert sold the cow he bot from Martin. Wife and Mary went to Town in the Cutter. I sawed the rails.
16. Frank's horse Dick got away at the Creamery and Frank, Azro and Willie had to walk home. A meeting to see about building a new Presbyterian Church that I don't need.
17. Frank brot a new iron pump that saves me from drawing well water on icy planks. No hens layed.
22. Not very cold but did not go to Church on account of the snow. Wrote about Burns Natal Day.
26. We hear of fifty thousand voted to build a new Church when I think the old one good enough.
31. Hail, rain, ice and snow-rough roads. Went to John Renton and got horse shod. No eggs.
1. Frank brot another load of rails. More snow.
4. Mrs. F, Willie and the wee boy came, Eaves dripped by noon.
7. Wrote Mrs. Young in Scotland and Sister in Canada.
13. Mild morning. A little like Spring. Light at five. Hens are beginning to lay. Robert came with his family and cleaned the Organ and played and sang for us.
15. Roads a sheet of ice. Robert sold his pigs to Spencer. John Ross came with Robert and talked of renting the old farm.
17. Cut down straw off the stack to bed the horse. Let the old farm to Robert for 10 years at $150 yearly.
22. Brother Robert brot papers. Two Miss McDouglas and two Miss Gardeners called and also Robert and his family.
23. Eagle fell on the ice twice in front of the stable when taking him off the Cutter. Wife made me a shirt and I read to her about Blain and Scotchmen Curling.
27. Frank brot a load of coal. Robert left our old farm home and wen with his family and furniture to Town.
28. Frank helped Mr. Read to move on his farm.
March 1 to March 21 is missing.
22. Twenty eggs. Frank went to Mr. Roberts funeral. He was 73.
25. Robert sold hay to Block. Wife and I west to Belles, 5 years since her marriage.
30. Wife went to see Mrs. F and the babe. Dug parsnips. Set a hen. Worked in the garden.
8. Frank took Seed potatoes to his farm. Trees budding.
11. Wheeled out the ashes. Smith split all the wood.
13. A fearful Cyclone struck Ypsilanti last night. Wife and I drove down and saw so many fine buildings wrecked. It was sad to see so much property wasted. One good thing no lives lost.(we have pictures in the Archives of the Cyclone that Mr. Lambie talks aboi
14. Went again to see the ruins and then to the Creamery. Stopped at Roberts home by the river.
16. I am entering my 73 years. Am grateful for a good degree of health, strength, reason and joy from youth till old age.
18. Went with Frank to Mr. Rooks and called on Mrs. Boice and james Hamilton. Got early potatoes.
20. Mary took her Mother to the Motor to go to Uncle Williams. Too wet to work in the garden.
21. Clare Campbell and his sister came. James Hamilton and sister brot plants and we gave them Gooseberry and Currant bushes.
24. Went with Frank to Mr. Hunters and saw his fine barn ruined by the Cyclone. White hen brot out 12 chicks. Planted our early Rose potatoes and two rows of Empire State potaotes and then beach blows north of them.
28. Wife and I called on Mr. Laidlaw in his gardens at the Depot. Got Wet coming home.
29. Went to Ben Voorhees-his wife was cheerful after suffering so mcu Exchanged plants with Mrs. Everts. Bot a quarter of Mutton from son Robert.
1. Frank took away our horse and Mary walked to Azros.
4. Went with Frank to his farm-Called on Mrs. Loveridge, Mrs. Fletche and Mr. Ross at the old home.
8. Took potatoes to J. Ross at the old home, called on Robert's town home and then to the creamery.
9. Wife, Mary, Mrs Fletcher, the babe, Frank, Robert and wife, Will and Belle and a grand happy company went to Mrs. William Campbell Birthday party.
13. Dark, damp morning-planted sun flowers and Holly hocks. Asparagus and Pie Plant to use.
15. Brother Robert and wife came and told us Eunice had gone to the World's Fair in Chicago. Mary and I went and saw the flowers in the Railroad gardens.
16. Wife and I attended the golden wedding josiah Childs. Everyone seemed kind and friendly.
22. Mrs. L, Mary, Mrs. Fletcher, Willie and the babe went to Roberts to celebrate Mary's Birthday.
23. Wife and I went to Mrs. Strangs funeral. More rain.
24. Queens Birthday. Wife and I went to see old Mrs. Crippen, R. Mart and Ira Crippen family.
29. Frank went to Uncle Andrews with the horse.
1. Frank went to frame a barn near Plymouth.
4. Sacrament-about 30 added to the church. Harris Francis Fletcher was baptised. The Fletchers cammed on their way home.
7. I intended to hear J.G. Paton last night but was too weary. Mary, Belle and I went to see the show parade but only saw the tents and wagons.
8. Was up before the sun. Winters got a small load of hay out of our barn. Wife had a sore place on her neck and went to see Dr. Kinne.
8. Got tomato plants from J. Hamilton. Andrew Campbell came and I went with him to the Depot.
12. Frank and I had breakfast and went to Mr. Rooks.
13. Wife, Mary. Mrs. Fletcher and wee Harris wnet to visit Willie and Leah's school.
15. Wife and I went to see Mr. & Mrs. Voorhees and it looks as though Mr. V will never walk again. Went to Thomas Phillips funeral.
19. Took Frank to Mr. Rooks-called at Azros-they came with me and wee Harris rode on my knee. Wife went to Belles to celebrate her Birthday and a picnic with others down by the River at Roberts.
20. Went to Detroit and the Oak-Will Todd and all his relatives were glad to see me. We took flowers to sister Issbelles grave. Will Todd brought me to the train and I called on James and his wife-they were all kind but sister Mary, after I was weary it vexed me.
23. Leah and Minnie helped pick peas. Winters sent up several loads of manure. Went to the depot to get Anna's trunk and saw Laidlaw Very busy contending with weeds and bugs.
26. Green peas and new potatoes for lunch. J. Ross sold the wool. I used to get it all, then half, now none.
29. Boy picking cherries-howed potatoes-Mary went in the Surrey to Belles and then they all went to Azros.
1. Wife and I went to Town. Got milk from Mrs. Ring.
6. Ring family picking cherries on shares. Fearful lightning in the night and it struck and burned Mathews barn.
10. Dug 1/2 bushel of potatoes-took them to the Depot-too small to sell Wife and girls preserving cherries. Mowed round the peach trees and was tired. Turned the grindstone for Frank.
18. Dug more potatoes-The Empire State seem to be the best potatoes of 4 kinds.
20. Robert and Frank rigged up the reaper and Frank came in the after-noon to reap our wheat. Mrs. campbell and daughter came. We went to the old Campbell home as of old and found John very busy drawing in wheat and made a small stack.
29. Got a letter from Mr. Dunlop in Scotland (a relative who later came to the States to visit the Campbell farm and were astonished at how far the farm was from New York City).
31. Azro sick and Robert had to manage the Creamery.
2. Brother Robert and daughter called. Anna, Mary and Belle took tin dishes to Azros for the Ten wedding celebration.
4. Mrs. Fletcher and Harris came. Ross began to reap Oats-Hattie's Mother came and I went with her to Roberts for a horse. Living on flour porridge is not fun.
5. Sad time with Banks breaking and so many idle men.
9. Frank had his wheat and oats thrashed, poor crop.
10. Frank, Mrs. Fletcher, Willie and Harris went to Uncle Andrews.
15. Mr & Mrs Voorhees came. Uncle William and Clare then Brother Robert. A letter from John Lambie.
19. Cut Canada Thistles in Ross corn field but it is too hard for me. Robert and the three girls came at night.
24. Frank and I had a fine swim and bath in the Huron.
29. The engine got to Ross to thrash. I went to see Laidlaw at the Depot and the beautiful gardens.
30. The engine came and thrashed our small stack. Only 36 bushels where we always had 96.
1. Frank took Anna to the Depot on her way to Elkhart. Put part of t Straw stack in the shed.
5. Some good peaches-more papers from Australia. Longing for rain.
8. Went to Azros for Mary-then round by Belles and got a glass of cream and a royal welcome. Picked grapes. Went to Church meeting.
12. A welcome shower. Frank brot 2 bushels of peas. Took 16 chicks to market.
14. Put down eggs for winter. Crowds going to the World's Fair. Some in debt. Dug potatoes. Frank brot a big load of poatoes. I put them in baskets and he took them down in the cellar. Marshes burning.
20. Took some pears to Robert. The river very small. Mrs. Strang met us at the Depot and we went with her to see her fine new home.
23. A shower at night. Franks man has left him and I am very glad. Robert is going to work and live on Frank's farm
26. Frank and Uncle William went to attend the Fair in Chicago. Robert did chores at Franks farm. Hattie and Mary gathered peaches.
27. Went with Mrs. L to Town. She went to Uncle Williams on the MOtor Robert, Mr. Fletcher and Harris came.
28. A little ice, the first this FalWife and I called on Uncle Robert in forenoon. Dug potatoes in afternoon.
29. A fine quiet rain in the afternoon and we did not go down and get no papers.
1. Belle came in the beautiful morning. Mary took care of Harris so Mr. & Mrs Harris could go to Church Rolling day.
2. Grand morning-Robins feasting on the Mountain Ash Berries. Wife, Mary, Mrs. Flatcher and Harris went to Town. Went with Robert to Frank's farm at night. Uncle William sent a card from the World's Fair.
3. Refreshing morning shower, rain nearly all day, sistern full with refreshing showers, a day of rest.
4. Clear shining after rain. Wife and Belle went to Frank's farm and gathered pears. Read in the News that the Supreme Court had decid that Brother James should hold Brother Frank's property he left. I consulted of McMillan.
5. Grand Autumn morning. The trees gleaning through the mist of the morning, like great forest flowers. Frank back from Chicago Fair. Wife went to Frank's farm for peaches.
6. Mrs. Fletcher and Harris came-Wife and I went round by J. Hamiltons Robert brot 10 bushels of Oats.
7. Wife, Mary and I went to Town, the creamery and then to Roberts. Rev. Mr. Morey and Mrs. Kachler, his daughter, called.
8. Grand autumn day, sermon on giving. Belle came, went round with her. Mr. Fletcher and family came.
9. Wife started after breakfast to get Belle to gather apples at Frank's famr.
10. Golden October day. Dug all our potatoes, got no help. Mrs. Fletc and Mary went to Brother Roberts for dinner. Our friend Robert CAmpbell made us a pleasant visit and paid $18.00 interest.
11 Wife took Mary to Azros-I shoved stones of the road. Wife and I went to Town, Met Rev. Mr. Vining and Mrs. Strang.
12. Grand morning-Robert brot his black horse. Wife and I drove to Belleville-Forest trees beautiful, very warm between 86 & 90¢. Were kindly treated-came back by Mrs. Fletchers.
13. Cool and cloudy-Repaired fence-Wife, Mary and I met Mr. & Mrs. John Campbell and A. Campbell in Town. A sad accident on the railroad at Jackson, we heard 20 killed and 20 hurt.
14. Rain in the night-a wet stormy morning. Stormy and dreary all day-surly blasts drove the smoke down the Chimney-the house wet and comfortless.
15. Belle went to Church with us, cold-wore an overcoat.
16. Sunshine pleasant after the storm. Mrs. L, Mary. Mrs. Fletcher and Harris wnet to Town in the Surrey. Robert brot a load of Frank's broken rails.
18. Went with Robert to Frank's farm. Wife, Mary and I gathered a few bushels of Apples in our Orchard-Grank day. Helped Robert to get 45 busels of potatoes in the cellar.
18. Frank came and had breakfast about 6-Wife and Belle gathered apples in the Orchard. Ross getting th 1/2 from brother. Robert call on us
20. Frank had breakfast by lamplight-sawed some of the old rails till a shower came up. Wife went to see Willie with the Mumps and brot Mary back.
21. Grand golden day-Robert and Fox carried in the Kitchen stove-Wife, Mary, Belle and I went to Town.
22. A Sermon on Pauls power for Christianity. Robert and children came, then Azro and family like to border of the beautiful land.
24. Wife and I went in the Motor to our food friend R. Campbell in Ann Arbor enjoyed our visit. Paid 75$ for the Register. Mary and Willie came for us.
25. Robert dug out fence posts and burned some of the Marsh. Wife and wee Harris drove over to Frank's farm. Belle came.
26. Railroad disaster and wrecks on the lakes. Mary went over to help at Azros.
12. Ice and snow, not very cold, Mary, Mrs. Fletcher and Harris went to Franks to dinner. Willie came at night.
13. Frank sold Hay to Uhl. Mary convoyed Willie to School. Got Eagle sharp shod on the fore feet. Wife came home bringing word J. K. Campbell's boy was dead. John came from Lansing at night, by telegraph-Boy is about 4 years old.
15. Wet cold rain-Frank and his Mother went in the Covered Cutter to the funeral at Uncle Johns boy. Robert's Hattie not well. Mary went with Robert-Brother Robert called.
21. Mr. Calhoun came and paid interest in money and onions. Wife went to Azros and Mary came back-2 & 3 eggs a day.
22. Shortest day-Wife, Mary, Mrs. Fletcher and Harris went to Town. Wif went home with Belle-mild and muddy-Received a Christmas present from kind Sister Agnes.
24. Belle hitched her big horse on the Surry and 5 of us went to Churc Mr. Morey able to preach-Mr. Vraman helped him-Little Harris like to speak in meeting-Azros family came a noon and Roberts at night. Ground soft and a beautiful sunset.
25. Twenty-five years since Father died and spoke to me for the last time. Green fields, blue skies and balmy breezes. Three generatio 17 in all of us and wnet to Frank's farm and enjoyed a great joy-ful Christmas dinner. Anna and Mary stayed and we came home.
26. Cold breeze and the ground froze hard, Robert brot us 3 loads of wood and 20 bushels of Oats-Wife went to Azros for Anna and Mary.
28. Wife went with Anna and Mary up to Belles-Wife and I called on Brother Robert and family-Sent the picture of Straven Castle to Sister Agnes.
29. Sawed wood to keep us warm-got a few eggs-Wife went to Azros.
30. Hard rough roads-Robert paid the taxes $22.35. I paid $15. Robert the balance-Wife, Anna, Mary and I went to Town.
31. Last of 1893-Wife, Mary, Belle and I went to Church, A sermon on evil speaking-The last of 1893.

Continue reading in the William Lambie Diary, January-June 1894.

View a photo of the the Lambie family in our Gleanings image gallery.

Growing Up In Ypsilanti

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, Spring 2004,
Spring 2004
Original Images:

Author: John Milford

I truly had a charmed life growing up in Ypsilanti. My father was a physician and Ypsilanti supported our family for over four decades. He was the only doctor to serve on the staffs of all three Beyer Hospitals. When I was five years old, my mother was elected to the Ypsilanti Board of Education where she served as the only woman. She won three consecutive four-year terms and served as the first woman president. Later, she served twelve years as an Eastern Michigan University regent.

When I had the flu, the owner of the Ypsilanti Dairy would bring ice cream to the house with our milk order. In addition to owning the Ypsilanti Dairy, Fred Peters served with my mother on the Ypsilanti Board of Education. Ice cream had a better effect on my well being than the penicillin shots my father gave me!

Riding our bicycles was our great entertainment. We also had a basketball hoop on our garage that was usually busy with neighborhood youngsters. People were always coming and going at our house. I remember all of it as such a happy, happy time.

Doug Tripp was my classmate and one of my best friends. On Doug's birthday his parents would give me a gift too. During the celebration of one of Doug's birthdays, his dad took the two of us to see a Red Wing hockey game. I remember it as such an exciting event. His mother loaded us up in their station wagon and the two of us would sit in the rear seat looking backwards. During one of these trips, she took us to a carnival. Another time, we went to Newport Beach at Portage Lake. Together, his parents took us to the Michigan State Fair in Detroit. I loved spending the night in the new addition at Doug's house. Doug, his bother, and his sisters were always gracious hosts.

Mr. Tripp was a very prominent Ypsilanti attorney. Fortunately, Doug and I never got in trouble so we did not need his professional services. Both of our fathers were Rotarians and each year they had a beautiful Christmas luncheon for the children of Rotarians. Doug and I were glad to miss two hours of school on that annual happy day. Each of us walked away with a present wrapped from Santa.

My neighborhood friends were Tom and John Dusbiber whose parents owned Shaefer's toy store. That was a perfect arrangement for our childhood. We always had toy cars to play with in little toy neighborhoods we built in the Dusbiber backyard. Mrs. Dusbiber's violets were dug up and became bushes in the toy neighborhoods. The Dusbiber apple tree was also great for climbing. When my bicycle broke down, Mr. Dusbiber gave me a Schwin demonstrator bike. Schwin bicycles were the best bicycles available and I felt like I rode the fanciest bike in town.

I later went on to Ypsilanti High School. Each year I was a class officer and part of student government. I was elected from Ypsilanti High School to the All City Student Council. My friend Doug Tripp was elected from Roosevelt High School and another good friend Tom Daniels was elected from Saint John's High School. Willow Run High School also had representation. I nominated Doug for president during our junior year and I was president during our senior year.

Later, my participation in student government at Eastern Michigan University increased my interest in politics. Eventually, I served as a Delegate to the National Republican Convention and served eight years on the State Committee. I was the first person elected to the State Committee from Ypsilanti in over thirty years. Ypsilanti candidates were usually overwhelmed by votes for candidates from Ann Arbor. I was fortunate to win with the support of Ann Arbor voters.

I am very proud of the way people got along in the city and in high school. I never noticed one iota of racial tension. Everyone got along and considered each other friends and equals. Everyone was considered on the same level and everybody was rated on his or her own merits. I cannot imagine being raised in a better community than Ypsilanti. Everyone was so kind and interested in the well being of one another. Ypsilanti was a close knit and beautiful place in which to live. Those were happy, happy days.

Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at Cmabrigde Uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in what order the ltteers in a word are, the only iprmoetnt thing is that the frist and lsat ltteer be at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a total mses and you can still raed it wouthit porbelm. This is bcuseae the huamn mnid deos not raed ervey lteter by istlef, but the word as a wlohe.

Amzanig, huh?

William Lambie Diary, 1892

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, April 1989,
April 1989
Original Images:

An explanation of certain names and sites from the excerpts of the Diary of William Lambie. Mr. Lambie was the grandfather of Foster L. Fletcher, our late City Historian.

Francis L. Lambie was forty five years old when with his wife, Mary Hamilton, he brought his family of nine children to the United States from Strathhaven, Scotland.

The oldest of the nine was William Lambie. William was eighteen years old. Just why the family came to America is uncertain. They brought furniture, dishes and many material possessions with them and seemed to be in more than modest circumstances. No mention has been found of relatives in America in 1839. Many Scotch friends were here but Francis and Mary Hamilton Lambie seem to be the first of the Lambies to arrive in America.

In the Spring of 1839, the ‘Old Moon Farm’ of eighty acres was advertised for sale to settle the Moon estate. This farm was on the South side of Geddes Road and about midway between Prospect and LeForge Road This is the farm that Lambie bought and where they lived for fifteen years in a brick structure that had once been a Tavern.

Francis Lambie did not care for the United States and always said he wanted to “die under the Crown” and in 1854 with his wife and younger children emigrated to Canada, buying a farm three miles below Windsor, Ontario on the Detroit River.

Robert Campbell and wife Anne Muir Campbell came to the United States from Scotland in the late summer of 1842.

2 Mrs. L took Anna to the Depot on her way to Elkhart.
4 Frank started for Uncle Andrews before daylight. Heard of the death of Dr. Van Tyle, Dr. Ashley and Julia Bacon.
5. Received a letter from a stranger-A William Lambie in the State of Washington. Wife, Mary and Mrs. Fletcher and Willie went to Mrs. Bacon's funeral.
12 Mrs L, Mary and I went to old Mrs. Post's funeral.
21 Mild sunshine. Brother Robert brot papers about the lawsuit regarding the property of Brother Frank.
23 Robert sold 100 bushels of wheat to T.C. Owens and also some corn to Owens. LaFurge brot a load of elm wood. Mrs L and I drove to Ever-and brot back Robert's horses.
29 A young man brot a telegram that Sister Isabell (Mrs. Todd) died this morning and then Brother Robert came with the same sad tidings.
30 Frank and Robert went away to attend Sister Isabells's funeral. Brother Robert and I thought the young men were best able to do that

5 Frank and I caught 6 hens and a rooster to take to his farm. Wife, Frank and I had a pleasant meeting and dinner at Brother Roberts.
9 Robert took a load of hay to the Starkweather farm, a ton & 1/2.
13 10 above zero. Robert drew ice for Owen. Belle came and Mary went home with her.
20 Mother's 95th Birthday. Son Frank went to see her with some preserve fruit that grew on his own farm.
25 Frank sold a load of hay to Mr. Swain. Deep mud.
29 Mild, dark and cloudy then driving snow. Frank bot a horse from Harvey James.

2 Mary went to AZros with Miss Draper. Robert, Frank and Azro went to the sale of the late Mr & Mrs McDowels property. Frank and Azro came home with 2 cows and Robert with a wagon rack they bot at the sale.
5 Mrs L and I had dinner with Hattie's celebrating Minnie's Birthday. Robert and John drew 2 loads of hay to the Starkweather farm. Dug parsnips and trimmed bushes.
8 Robert bot a cow from old Mr. Post. Robert has 6 lambs.
9 Mrs L and I visited Mrs. Stephenson. I read some lines for her 81st Birthday. Called on Aunt Eunice. Just as we got home two men with furniture had dinner with us on theur way to Frank's farm.
10 Frank sold a load of hay to Ring. Robert and Hattie bot part of t Crippen farm, Hattie's Mother for $700.
14 Intended to attend Mrs Lay's funeral but the bitter blasts helped keep us away.
17 Brother Robert brot word our good old Mother was dead.
18 Wife and I went to Detroit-Called on Sister Agnes, then called at James home and then went to Mothers and saw her for the last time looking peaceful in her coffin.
21 Called on Brother Robert and talked about Mother's death and burial Helped Frank clean wheat. Went to Robert's and saw his new cows. Robert sold 10 Sheep to Spencer.
28 Brother Robert called. CAtherine had sent a letter regarding the expenses attending Mother's funeral.

2 Mr Smith and family, Robert and his family all came and took dinner with us. Robert sold the colt he bot at VanDynes to Mr Finley.
4 Mr Finley was too weak to buy Robert's colt. Wheeled ashes on the garden and spread manure
7 Went to the funeral of the man who had moved on the Peck farm. Paid Smith two dollars for sawing wood and cleaning out the stable.
11 Went down to Roberts to see the Cannon boys machine sawing wood.
13 Mr Hunter came to take the Assessment. Gave him some money to present to Mr. Green. Fowler dressed 3 pigs for Robert.
15 My 71st Birthday. Ic thick on the water pail-Ground to hard to plow Wife and I went to Azros for dinner. Daughter Elizabeth conveyed me to Nortons and drove past the old Moon fram and mused on the memory of the past years.
16 Mrs L, Mary, Mrs Fletcher and willie rode in the Surry to see Azro' father but did not find him. Then they had dinner with Mr & Mrs John CAmpbell. Went to Mr. Kings, got 3 Wheatland peach trees, 8 early crawfords, 9 late, one Brighton Grape-paid $12.74.
19 Helped Robert draw manure. Robert plowed the garden. Received about 40 small Evergreen trees by mail from Johnason of Antrim County. George Gales(?) funeral passed on the way to the Cemetery.
23 Planted Sunflower seeds. Frank came back from Joe Feathers.
26 Planted early potatoes. Robert burned our marsh. Brother Robert and I drove over to Franks. A letter from the Hamiltons in Glasgo
30. Robert plowing the Marsh. Hard work but a big improvement. Planted 2½ rows of Burpee early potatoes and a row of Maine potato

2 A great rain in the night-Cistern full, Lakes on Wilburs and Rober farms-Burned out chimney. Set two hens with 26 of Ben's Brown Leg horn eggs.
3 Robert took the Wheat to Deubel-We waited long for a dollar and sold it for 85 cents.
4 After Robert drew away Mother's wheat he drew wheat uncleaned to Deubels at 80cents.
7 Azro brot 150 Strawberry plants. Mary and I set them out. Robert and Will took away potatoes that were sprouting in the cellar.
16 Robert sold the wool to Ainsworth-175 lbs at 20¢-received$35.
18 Mary took her Mother to the Motor for Uncle Williams. Robert bot new cultivator. Another fearful thunderstorm at supper time.
23 FRank got 3 bushels of potatoes to plant.
24 Helped Robert take his sheep and 2 colts to Franks farm. Had a sore throat in the night. Robert, John and Will planted about 8 acres of corn by Norton's Corner. Two hens came off with 18 Brown Leghorn chicks, then two came off with 19 of Bells's Plymouth Rock:
28 Robert's colt had its leg cut bad. He had to get a horse Doctor to sew it up and bind it.

2 Wife and I went to John McDougas and bot seed corn and then planted some. Radishes ready to eat.
7 Big Thunder shower. Mary took us to the Depot for the Excursion. Went to Windsor and the sisters gave us a cold reception. They have no one to care for now. Brother James looks sickly and sad. A pleasant time at Sister Agnes.
9 Mrs L and I went to Roberts and saw old Mrs. Crippen. Robert plaste ed around out chimney. Hattie and her Grandmother went out riding and the grand new Surry broke down.
12 Children's Day. Eunice Lambie bid us goodbye to leave for Europe.
14 Sold 7 bushels potatoes to Mr. Martin at 30cents. Wife carried food for a Methodist Feast. Brooks cut the grass in front of the House.
18 Hoed potatoes. Picked some peas, radishes going to seed.
21 Put Paris Green and plaster on the potatoes and then came a great rain and my labor lost. farmers like to be discouraged.
22 Longest day-Closing of the Normal. Plenty of Strawberries and getting 6–8 cents a quart. Paid Mr. Batcheldor $8 for Chruch Seat.
24 Saw Andrew CAmpbells great barns and out houses that Frank built for him. They look like prosperity and progress but there would be too much toil and weariness to bring joy to me. Brushed potaotes bugs off in an old tin pan and put Paris Green on them. Mr F brot a bushels of Strawberries. Robert hitched up the Surry and Anna, Mary and I had a pleasant ride by the river.
26 The Presbyterian Church was shut so we could drive to hear the begging Sermon at the Dedication of the grand new Methodist Church. We did not want to be crushed in the crowd so we went to the Episcopal Church with few Worshipers.
29 Andrew Leach's Burial day.
30 Mrs. L's Birthday. I fought potato bugs and weeds.

1 Girls drove to Bells and Azros. Robert got a hay rack for Frank.
2 Brother Robert brot word the Steamer City of Chicago was wrecked on the Irish Coast and his daughter Euncie sent a cablegram she landed safely.
4 Wife and I walked down to Roberts and had dinner in the old home. The wet weather like to ruin Robert's crops. When he pays men $20 a month and board there seems to be nothing left for him and his family. Dug a few potaotes like Robin's eggs.
6 Frank mowed with the new Mower. Robert with the old one.
8 Robert and 2 men got in aobut 14 laods of hay. Frank got most of his.
11 FRank went away before 4. Ron rigged up the reaper. will mowed Clover by the Marsh. Robert reaped Brother Robert's wheat New Potatoes for dinner-picked some gooseberries. 90 degrees on the North side.
12 Theodore & John Miller, Will and a colored man drew in hay in the forenoon-Robert reaped the wheat by G. Allens.
13 Robert reaped Harris 9 acres of wheat-Helped set up wheat and pitch hay. FRank's men and 2 of Roberts drew in clover hay for Robert in the afternoon. Frank and 2 others had a fine swim in the river near Ben Voorhees.
15 Hollyhocks in beautiful bloom. Plenty of gooseberries. Robert's reaper broke down. Went to Frank's farm and his team to help in Robert's harvest.
18 Robert reaping on Frank's place. His two men drawing in Clover. Fine harvest.
20 Frank and his man helped Robert draw wheat into our barn. The bothersome chain went to the bottom of the well.
26 Wife and I called on Brother Robert and heard Eunice's letter from London. Robert getting in all the wheat and hay.
28 Went with Frank to his farm. He had a call to build a barn in Pittsfield.
30 Wife and I went to John Campbells as of old-one generation gone and another cometh.

1 The colored man's Day-Went with Frank to see about Mr. Morgan's Barn.
3 Dug potatoes and saved winter radish. The girls went in the Surry to celebrate Mrs. F's wedding day.
5 Robert reaped Oats for Martin-mowed weeds and worked in the garden.
8 Frank started early on the Motor and Mr. Morgans barn. Robert reaped the Oats by his house, then those by the out-house-the ground rough, the hillsteep and over 90 degrees and Robert did not fret or complain. Dr. Campbell called on us.
10 Wife and I went to Mrs F for dinner. CAme home by Belles toward night. Robert sold a load of hay to Owen.
12 Wife and I went to the Depot and saw the beautiful flowers and brough Laidlow the Gardner home with us.
16 Robert getting in all the Oats. I raked in the Oat stuble. Called on Brother Robert-Eunice is sailing on Lake Como in the balmy breezes of charming Italy.
18 Robert got the Surry and drove to Whitmore Lake. I sat under the trees alone and mused on younger days and the old home.
20 Robert got a ton of coal for the Thrashers for here and Frank's place.
21 Some vile creature stole a lot of our best hens. Had about 60 and now only counted 30.
22 Harvey thrashed for Frank in forenoon and came here after dinner and then to Roberts.
27 Mr Smith and family called here on their way to Azros.
29 Went with Frank and saw the great barn he framed for Mr. Morgan. Mr Smith and family came to dinner-then I went with them to Brother Roberts and to the Depot.
30 Went to Detroit Exposition-CAlled on Sister Mary-No kind welcome, no dinner, no joy. Called on Brother James home and his wife in their store.

3 Thieves, rats and hawks hard on our chickens.
6 Cool 43 at dawn-Cut corn, dug potatoes about the only things in the garden that paid for the labor.
8 Went to Town and saw the Bands, Soldiers and the Germans procession with Flags and everything.
10 Wrote lines regarding Whittier's death-Went to Roberts and met Kate Todd.
12 A shower in the night-the best rain since the 4th of July. Robert sold a load of Hay to Owen.
15 Robert cleaned 10 bushels of wheat for seed. Cleaned the hen house. Took Anna to the Depot on her way to School in Elkhart.
19 Frank started before dawn to bring his fannin mill from Uncle Andrews.
23 A Hawk took 5 or 6 chickens-A Special sale of lots in Ypsilanti.
28 Frank's Birthday-Went to Ann Arbor FAir-not a large crowd. Mrs Deubel said my poem yas as good as the Fair.
30 Robert and his men harvesting beans on the old Moon farm.

1 CAlled on Brother Robert-was real glad to meet Eunice back from to old world-She had slept in my first home in Straven and was so kind as to bring me a silk hankerchief bot from Mr Crawford who knew our family history so well in young life.
5 FRank brot fine potaotes from his farm-very cold-first ice.
10 Mrs L went to see the John CAmpbells and the wee sick boy.
12 Wife and I went to Brother Roberts for dinner and to be well entertained with Eunice's description of the grandeur of Europe.
13 Wife and I drove to Belleville to see old Mrs. CAmpbell-had dinner and a pleasant visit. Wife bot goods from Robert CAmpbell who is building a new store.
14 Robert Campbell of Pittsfield sent $18.00 interest.
17 Mary and I gathered apples at Roberts. He sold 2 tons of apples for Cider.
20 Robert and I went to B. Voorhees to buy a ram but they were so wild FRed could not catch one.
22 Robert and I went to B. Voorhees and bat two buck lambs for $ 10. Put them with Robert's sheep over on Frank's farm.
23 Mrs L was sent for in the morning and Azro brot word in the afternoon they had another son(Harris Francis Fletcher) born to them.
26 Brother Robert and his wife and sister Agnes and her daughter came and we had a pleasant drive to Roberts and s walk by the brook. Mary went to Azros to see the wee boy.
31 Went with Frank to his farm. Called on daughter Elizabeth and her wee boy. Marked a barrell of apples for daughter Anna and one for Sister Agnes. Andrew Campbell got apples from Robert.

3 Robert took 12 barrells to Wells and Fish. Frank went to Jimmy Moors sale.
8 Election Day-Frank voted in Ypsilanti, Robert in Superior. (Frank was still living mostly in the Home ‘on the hill’ in Ypsilanti).
9 Read in the Free Press-Cleveland was elected President. Mr. Calhoun paid interest. Ground white with snow.
15 43 years since we were married-Mrs Fletcher and her wee boy came to see us. His first visit.
19 Andrew Campbell took his sheep away from Frank's farm. Frank took some furniture to his farm. Split some wood.
24 Thanksgiving-Walked to the Grand new Methodist Church. Drew a sketch of our home.
27 Two or three inches of snow in the night. Frank walked to his farm.

5 Frank went early to his farm. carried wood into the shed. Brother Robert and his daughter called on us.
7 Walked to Roberts farm and saw them all. Got milk and saw the sheep round the straw stack. Frank went to Sobers.
10 FRank and Robert went by with 4 fat hogs. Sent card to Anna. Stayed at home. Robert brot papers-More about the wreck of the Steamer Spree.
13 Anna's Birthday-Robert had 3 lambs. He bot 4 or 5 pigs and sold 6 lambs.
17 Caught two rats. Robert sold all the wheat and paid me $26.00 and his Mother $19.00.
22 Shortest day-Roberts little Mary had the Chicken Pox.
24 Down to zero. Brother Robert brot me two fine pictures and Sister Agnes sent two books. Anna and Mary went to Roberts for a green tree for Christmas.
25 24 years since Father died.

Continue reading in the William Lambie Diary, 1893.

View a photo of the the Lambie family in our Gleanings image gallery.

From the Past

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, Winter 2003,
Winter 2003
Original Images:

Centennial History of Michigan:

Round Grove, Illinois, and was engaged in the grain commission business until he became a resident of Chicago.

After his return to Michigan in the spring of 1860 he settled in Ypsilanti and assisted in organizing the First National Bank, of which he served both as vice president and president. The bank was organized November 25, 1863, and he became its chief executive officer January 13, 1865. In 1865 he was one of the organizers of the Ypsilanti Woolen Manufacturing Company, which later became the Hay & Todd Company and more recently the Ypsilanti Underwear Company. On the 3rd of April, 1867, Mr. Quirk aided in organizing the Peninsular Paper Company and on July 7, 1887, was made its president, which position he held until his death.

With James F. Joy and others he was active in the building of the Hillsdale Railroad from Ypsilanti to Hillsdale and in 1872 was one of the builders of the Eel River Railroad. In 1874 he again went to Chicago, where he was a member of the packing firm known as the B. F. Murphy Packing Company and was associated with the packing interests of the city until 1880, when his packing interests took him to East St. Louis, Illinois, and he was there president and general manager of the East St. Louis Packing & Provision Company. His connection with Michigan interests continued all through these years and he became associated with its agricultural development through his ownership and operation of several farms in the vicinity of Ypsilanti. From 1852 until 1854 he was auditor of Wayne County, Michigan.

In 1843 Daniel L. Quirk married Nancy Scott, of Lodi, Michigan, who died in 1850, leaving a daughter, Nancy, who became the wife of Charles P. Ferrier, of Ypsilanti, both now deceased. On November 16, 1852, Mr. Quirk wedded Priscilla Frain, daughter of Henry Frain, and they had three children: Elizabeth, born in Sterling, Illinois, August 31, 1855, who became the wife of Ira P. Younglove, of Chicago; Jennie (Quirk) Cornwell, born in Chicago, December 3, 1859, who made her home in Ypsilanti; and Daniel Lace Jr., the only son, who became his father's successor in business. Daniel Lace Quirk, who passed away in 1911, was spoken of by one historian as “a rugged, honest, grand old man of a type that built our nation,” while another said prior to his death: “Venerable and honored, his name is inseparably interwoven with the history of Michigan, with the development of its railroads, with the great packing industry of the country and with banking.”

Daniel Lace Quirk Jr. was a student at the University of the South in Sewance. Tennessee, from 1887 to 1889 and gained his Bachelor of philosophy degree at the University of Michigan. Where he was a student from 1890 to 1894. His college fraternity is the Alpha Delta. He became associated with his father in Important business enterprises and is today president of the Peninsular Paper Company, one of the major productive industries of this section of Michigan. He also was chosen vice president and a director of the United Stove Company. He was cashier of the First national Bank from 1809 until 1911, when he became president, which position he retained until March 6, 1933, when President Roosevelt unnecessarily declared a bank holiday and closed the bank.

Michigan Biography:

Daniel Quirk Jr., President of the Peninsular Paper Company and vice president and director of the United Stove Company, resides in Ypsilanti, where he was born February 26, 1871, a son of Daniel Lace and Priscilla (Frain) Quirk. His father, who died in 1911, was one of the prominent business men of the city and for many years was president of the First National Bank, also occupied the position of president of the Peninsular Paper Company and was associated with other leading commercial enterprises here. He was born at their country place in the parish of Kirk-Patrick near Glen Maye, two miles from Peel on the Isle of Man, June 15, 1818, his birthplace being the ancestral home of the family through many generations. It was the property of John McQuirk in 1515, of John Quirk in 1600, of a second John Quirk in 1702, of Baby Quirk in 1716. The last named was the heiress of John Quirk and married Thomas Cottier. Their home came into the possession of Eleanor Cottier in 1794 and she married Phil Quirk, having one son, Hugh Quirk.

Hugh Quirk, grandfather of Daniel L. Quirk Jr., became a farmer and vessel owner. He married Ann Lace, a niece of a deemster of the Isle of Man, while her father was an Episcopal clergyman.

Hugh Quirk died in 1861, at the age of seventy-five years, and his wife passed away in 1865, at the age of eighty years. In 1827 he had sold the old family homestead and came to the United States, settling in Rochester, New York, where he conducted a contracting business. Later he lived on a farm near Henrietta in Monroe County, New York, until 1861, when death called him. Both he and his wife were laid to rest in the old cemetery at Henrietta.

Their son, Daniel L. Quirk, who was one of a family of twelve children, was born on the Isle of Man, June 15, 1818, and was eight years of age when his parents came to the new world, so that his youth was largely spent on the home farm in New York until he reached the age of twenty, when he became a carpenter's apprentice and afterward followed the trade for many years. He settled in Ann Arbor and Lodi, where he lived for several years. In 1844 he became an American citizen while a resident of Ann Arbor. In 1847 he purchased the Belleville Mills in Belleville, Wayne County, and continued their operation for several years. After selling out he was at Lyons, Iowa, and Sterling, Illinois, until 1859, when he moved to Chicago and engaged in the commission business as a member of the firm of Dow, Quirk & Company. Later in Chicago he became associated with the Chicago Packing Company in the pork packing business.

In Chicago he became acquainted with James F. Joy, president of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, which at that time had been built to Aurora, Illinois, and was projected to Burlington, Iowa. Mr. Quirk was employed to oversee the building of the extension, at a salary of $1,500 a year, but there was considerable delay and while waiting for the work to commence he occupied his time buying and selling livestock and grain. While in Lyons, Iowa, he purchased a hotel for $3,500 and after managing it for eleven months sold the property for $11,000. In 1855 he established his home in Sterling, Illinois, and there purchased a lumber yard and buill a warehouse. He also built warehouses at Morrison and

The military chapter in the life record of D. L. Quirk Jr. began in September, 1915, when he went into training at Camp Sheridan. From August, 1917, to January, 1918, he was a director of the military relief department of the American Red Cross in Michigan. In March, 1918, he sailed for France on the S.S. Chicago for the Red Cross and had his headquarters at St. Mazaire in the Western Zone. He was commissioned a major, A. R. C., December 23, 1918, and on the 27th of January, 1919, sailed from Bordeaux for New York, receiving his discharge in February of that year. He then resumed business activities in Michigan, proving a worthy successor of his father in the control of the Peninsular Paper Company. He built the Quirk Block, one of the best business buildings in Ypsilanti, and he is now vice president of the Ypsilanti Hotel Company. He also has other and varied business interests. It is a matter worthy of note that the old Quirk homestead was given by the children of Mr. Quirk to the city for use as a city hall and has since been the municipal center of Ypsilanti.

On the 21st of October, 1901, Mr. Quirk married Julia Trow-bridge, of Detroit, daughter of General Luther S. Trowbridge, who was born on a farm in Troy township, Oakland County, Michigan, July 28. 1836, his parents being Stephen Van Rensselaer and Elizabeth (Conklin) Trowbridge, the former of Albany, New York, and the latter of Horseheads, Chemung County, New York. They removed from the Empire State to Michigan, where their son Luther was born and reared. He made rapid progress in his studies and when in his sixteenth year entered an academy at Lodi Plains, Washtenaw County, while later he was a student at Yale University, where he had completed the work of the junior year when trouble with his eyes necessitated his giving up further study. However, the University conferred upon him the Master of Arts degree. Later he was a law student in the Detroit oflice of Sidney D. Miller from 1856 to 1858, when he was admitted to the Michigan bar and became a law partner of Hon. Alexander W. Buel, with whom he practiced until 1862. In that year, after having previously refused to accept a commission because of his lack of military experience, followed by instruction from G. W. Rosen, a West Point graduate, he accepted the commission of major in the Fifth Michigan Cavalry and with his troops went to the front in December, 1862. He made a brilliant military record and rose to the rank of brigadier general, being mustered out in 1865. He had participated in a number of the most hotly contested engagements and campaigns of the war.

In January, 1863, he had been appointed provost marshal of East Tennessee and during his residence in that state had made many friends among the southern people, who induced him to remain and engage in law practice there. In 1868 he returned to Michigan and in Detroit soon gained prominence as a member of the bar. In the fall of 1875, without solicitation on his part, he was appointed collector of internal revenue for the eastern district of Michigan and served until 1883. On the 1st of July of that year he entered upon an eighteen months' incumbency in the office of the city comptroller and then resigned to become vice president of the Wayne County Savings Bank. On July 1, 1889, he became confidential secretary to Luther Beecher, who died in September, 1892, after which General Trowbridge was one of the administrators of the estate. President Theodore Roosevelt appointed him general appraiser of customs, in which rapacity he served for a number of years. Not only did he figure prominently in legal and public circles, but was also well known because of his musical talent and at one time was president of the Philharmonic Society. He was a stanch Republican from the time he nailed the party flag to the flagpole in front of his father's house in 1856. He was the last survivor of the Early Risers, one of Detroit's first baseball teams, and ever remained a lover of the game. One of his historians said of him: “Though General Trowbridge was a heroic figure throughout the Civil War, he was distinctly a man of peace, kindly, placid, unassuming and sympathetic.” He and his wife held membership in Christ Episcopal Church.

It was in April, 1862, that he married Julia M. Buel, daughter of his law partner, Alexander W. Buel, and her death occurred January 3, 1909, while General Trowbridge passed away January 2, 1912. They had a family of seven children: Clara, deceased, who was the wife of Charles M. Swift; Mary E.; Alexander Buel; Margaret Riggs, the wife of Charles A. Ricks; Luther S., an attorney of Detroit; Julia, the wife of Daniel L. Quirk Jr.; and Edmund Ross, who died at the age of fourteen years. Of this family Alexander Ruel Trowbridge became a nationally known landscape painter and architect. He received the degree Bachelor of Science in architecture at Cornell University in 1890 and attended Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris from 1893 to 1895. He served as director and dean of the College of Architecture of Cornell University from 1897 to 1902 and spent the two succeeding years in special study in Paris. From 1906 to 1921 he was senior partner of the firm of Trowbridge & Aekerman of New York and was thereafter a consulting and practicing architect at the national capital until his retirement in 1937. In the family of Daniel Lace and Julia (Trowbridge) Quirk are four children. Daniel Trowbridgo, who attended the University of Michigan, is now associated with the Peninsular Paper Company. He married Jeanne Grover and they have two children, Daniel Grover and Harrison Preston. Alexander Buel, a graduate of the University of Michigan of the class of 1926, is now in Detroit. He married Mrs. Maxine Ritchie, and they have two children, Jennie Buel and Buel Trowbridge. Julia Buel, who was graduated from Smith College in 1931, is the wife of W. Brace Krag, of Detroit, and has a son, William. Nancy Lace, who was graduated from the University of Michigan in 1937, is the wife of G. Mennen Williams, secretary to Attorney General Murphy in Washington, D. C.

Since his college days Mr. Quirk has been particularly interested in plays and the theatre and has one of the most extensive libraries on this subject in the State. He has also been active in the Ypsilanti Players (a non-professional theatre organization), which he organized in 1915, it being the third in the country. He has ever found pleasure in the study of Ypsilanti's history and he served as chairman and director of the company which produced a pageant on July 3 and 4, 1923, celebrating the one hundredth anniversary of the founding of the city. He has membership in the Board of Commerce, is a past president of the Rotary Club and is connected with the Community Fund.

His political endorsement is given to the Democratic party. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Masons and the Knights of Pythias and he belongs to the Episcopal church, while along social lines he has membership with the Detroit Club.

Photographs of John King and John G. Lamb and Store

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, Summer 2003,
Summer 2003
Original Images:


Carrie A. Hardy Diary 1919 December

Published In:
Ypsilanti Gleanings, Winter 2002
Original Images:

Dec. 1,
Gave test in Geometry. Burtt Crippen starred. After supper helped Van with Trig.

Dec. 2,
Miss Hoffman entertained the teachers. Fraser lectured at Normal in evening. J. Laird, S. Lewis, C. Leur and I went.

Dec. 3,
Kept those students after school who failed in class. Five stayed, in evening finished making my cap.

Dec. 4,
Mr. Erickson called the first teachers' meeting and read an address. First Athletic Council meeting to approve Y's and R's. Saw Players.

Dec. 5,
Miss. Laird came in after school and we went downtown. Lillian brought us home. Worked during 3rd and 4th hours on towel rack.

Dec. 6,
Knitted nearly all day. Lillian came over in the afternoon-had pancakes for supper-then went to the movies.

Dec. 7,
Made graham gems for breakfast. Gave Van 5. Did not go to church. Knit. Lillian over during p.m.

Dec. 8,
Am knitting a pair of mittens for Rob and Crocheting a cap for Robert. Came home for dinner.

Dec. 9,
Pretty cold, but I am comfortable. School is going fairly well. Mr. P. asked me to average the Ind., B. G., and estimate medians.

Dec. 10,
Worked on averages and knit some. Went to bed. Cold last night, hence not very comfortable.

Dec. 11,
Worked in office both the 3rd and 4th hours. Mr. Piper left during the early part of the sixth hour. Teachers' players trouble for Gene.

Dec. 12,
Mr. Piper gone all day to principal's convention. Attended J. L. Hudson's concert this evening at Pease auditorium.

Dec. 13,
Worked in morning. Knit and finished Rob's mittens. Went downtown with Lillian. Called on Miss Van Drezer and May Webb.

Dec. 14,
At 9 O'clock Lillian and I went down to Rob's in Lillian's new car. We were back at 1:10. Knit and tatted during P. M. and treated L's cold.

Dec. 15,
The last week of the month. Reports received most of my spare time. Am making a sweater for Catherine. Pat Morton's night.

Dec. 16,
School fair. More report work. Faculty play being rehearsed. Sold 18 tickets. School board gives bonus of $1.00.

Dec. 17,
Today there were two performances in P. M. and one in eve of faculty play. No school this P.M. but I worked there all day.

Dec. 18,
Draft from Central Business Men's Asso'n for $99.43 for last summer's illness. Rec'd $155.00 ($25 bonus) for school Mo.

Dec. 19,
Handed in my report for the month before leaving the building. Knitting hard on Catherine's sweater. Bath.

Dec. 20,
Van cleaned for me $1.20. Did a little Christmas shopping. Went over to Mrs. Hutching's for loaf of home made bread. $.20. Knit.

Dec. 21,
Knit nearly all day. No church. Van went into Detroit. Mr.Ross caring for furnace. Shall rest some this vacation. H's check $40.

Dec. 22,
More Christmas plans. Went downtown 3 times. Knit. Lillian over in evening. Mr. Ross came in also.

Dec. 23,
Letter from Freida. Dentist this morning. Filled a tooth $1.00. Delivered the Webb presents. Called on the Hayes's and on Edna Simpson. Knit.

Dec. 24,
Went downtown. Christmas shopping done. Knit to finish Catherine's sweater. Not finished.

Dec. 25,
Catherine's sweater done. Lillian and I were at Rob's for dinner So were Mr. & Mrs. Reed, Paul, wife & son.

Dec. 26,
L & I went to the Martha Washington in the afternoon. Not feeling very brisk this day after Christmas. My insurance company had dropped me.

Dec. 27,
Worked nearly all day. Went over home. Rob gave me a silver pencil for Christmas and Lillian the tatted lunch cloth.

Dec. 28,
Mrs. Breakey does not like the insurance Co's action. I don't care. At 10:30 left for Detroit with 2 little suits for Robert. Too small.

Dec. 29,
Washed and ironed. Cleaned the two front rooms. Exchanged Robert's suits and sent them parcel post. Citizens vote tonight about building Prospect school.

Dec. 30,
Decided to wait for bids rather than adopt the “cost plus” plan. Went over to Ann Arbor and bo't waist. Carrie, Sara, Lewis and L. were here this eve.

Dec. 31,
Worked all A M. In P.M. went downtown with Mrs. Fletcher. Went driving with Lillian. Had Misses Laird and Cogswell and Mrs. Fl. in eve.

Mr. Hutchins has paid all rents on 223 River St. to the month of Dec. 19.

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